In type 1 diabetes the beta cells, which are the cells that produce insulin in the pancreas, are wrongfully targeted and destroyed by the autoantibodies of the immune system. It is not clear why this happens. Researchers have theorized that it is a combination of genetic predisposition and certain environmental triggers that prompt the immune system to destroy the beta cells.
Without insulin the body does not have the ability to transfer glucose into the cells to be utilized as energy. As the glucose builds up in the bloodstream, the body desperately tries to get rid of the excess glucose through frequent urination, leading to excessive thirst and constant drinking of fluids.
Insulin treatment is necessary in type one diabetes. These days with new insulin regimens available, one can be more flexible.
Diet first! You’ll want your child immediately under the care of a Paediatric endocrinology team that includes a top notch dietitian. We recommend that a child diagnosed with type 1 diabetes should be managed by a comprehensive team including a paediatrician, endocrinologist and dietitian. We also strongly recommend joining a support group.